I’m fortunate to live in a part of the world which gives me easy access to many areas of outstanding natural beauty. And I tend to veer away from the obvious spots in the English Lake District to see what else is on my doorstep.
On the northern edge of Morecambe Bay lies a little place called Silverdale, and it was here, at Lindeth Tower, that Elizabeth Gaskell, novelist and biographer of Charlotte Bronte, used to come for her holidays.
As an historian and an author, I love to go wandering along a trail, be it metaphorical or geographical. Mrs Gaskell’s Tower had given me a starting point, but she is a literary, rather than historical figure. Little did I know that what started as a ‘Victorian’ day, would become a day when I got tantalisingly close to the Anglo-Saxons …
A pleasant walk down a lane strewn with autumn colours took me down to Jenny Brown’s point, where a chimney stands as a reminder of this area’s industrial past:
Walking back from the point, I found an old lime kiln which has been reconstructed, fenced off, and given a little placard explaining the history and uses of lime-burning. I also discovered that there was a shipwreck in the area in 1894, when a pleasure yacht, The Matchless, foundered off Jenny Brown’s point with the loss of 25 souls.
The English poet Gordon Bottomley (1874-1948) lived in the village and was visited often by his friend, the artist Paul Nash.
Silverdale is noted for its wells, which used to serve the village, and Woodwell is situated, as one might guess, in an area of peaceful woodland.
It was a wonderful walk, despite the typical northern weather that day, but I left feeling that I hadn’t uncovered everything that Silverdale knew …
And then I remembered that a while ago I’d read in the local paper about the Silverdale Hoard. Now, I’m an Anglo-Saxon-ist, rather than a Viking-ist, so the Silverdale Hoard didn’t initially get my pulse racing in the way that the Staffordshire Hoard is apt to do. And yet, and yet … something drew me to investigate.
2oo pieces of Viking silver were found by a detectorist in 2011 and have been dated to around the year 900. Of the 27 coins, some are coins of Alfred the Great and some of the Danish king of Northumbria. As with the Staffordshire Hoard, it is assumed that whoever buried this stash was unable, due to the turbulent nature of the times and probably due to loss of limb, or life, or both, to come back and retrieve their retirement fund.
It’s no thing of beauty compared with the ornate goldwork of the other afore-mentioned hoard, but this cache contained a silver bracelet with an unusual combination of Irish, Anglo-Saxon and Carolingian style decoration. Other pieces of jewellery were found as fragments, having been cut up to be used as ‘hacksilver’, an alternative form of coinage.
One coin in particular was considered note-worthy, inscribed as it was with the name AIRDECONUT, which has been translated as Harthacnut. Since the coin also bears the inscriptions DNS and REX, it has been suggested that this might identify a hitherto unnamed Danish king of Northumbria. The historian in me was interested.
Another coin, a silver penny, was inscribed ALVVADVS, translated as Aethelwold. The author in me was excited …
Aethelwold was the son of Alfred the Great’s elder brother, King Aethelred. When Alfred died in 899 Aethelwold made a bid for the throne, taking a nun hostage (why? Don’t ask me) and holing up in Wimborne, Dorset, where his father was buried, as if to establish that he, and not Alfred’s son Edward, had the stronger link to the West-Saxon line of kings. From Wimborne he went to ally himself with the Northumbrian Danes, who acknowledged his claim to the kingship of Wessex. Confident of eventual victory, he must have proceeded to order coins minted in his name. He eventually met his cousin Edward in a remote part of of East-Anglia in 902, at the Battle of the Holme. The rarity of the coin bearing Aethelwold’s name perhaps tells you what you need to know about the outcome.
So, from a tower favoured by a Victorian writer, via industry and shipwreck, and an interesting but not initially fascinating buried treasure, I had come, unplanned and unconsciously, to a person whom I feel I ‘know’ rather well. For you see, a year before this hoard was discovered, I had written a story. It’s called To Be a Queen, and it features Alfred the Great, his daughter, her brother, Edward, and their cousin, one Aethelwold, or as I call him, Thelwold.
Those among you who write, and have a penchant for digging, either literally or figuratively, will understand how satisfying it was for me to find out about that tiny little silver penny.
This article first appeared on English Historical Fiction Authors blog on Friday 27th November, 2015